Indian Vegetable Names in English, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu & Kannada

India has a legendary history when it comes to cultivating different kinds of vegetables. The diversity of climate and geography of India has only allowed the native people to grow different types of veggies in their fields.

What we see in the city markets is just a small fragment which is grown in Indian villages. Most of these veggies do not rich the city markets as people in cities mostly prefer to eat what they have been taught to eat from decades.

However, you will be surprised to see the sheer variety if you truly decide to explore the variety of beans, leafy and non-leafy vegetables grown in our country. The diversity in the languages increases this confusion even more as each state or region knows a particular vegetable by a unique name!

To simplify this confusion we have presented a chart which has the names of the most popular and preferred vegetables of India in the most used languages of the country. Only a few veggies such as basil are known by the same name (Tulsi) in most of the Indian languages.

For example, brinjal is known as Baingan in Hindi, Katthirikai in Tamil, Bhadanekai in Kannada, Vankaya in Telugu and Vanga in Marathi. Therefore, if you are visiting a local market out of your state and ask for a particular vegetable in your own language, then chances of stall owner laughing at you are very bright.

Different types of gourds, spinach, fenugreek, beans, etc. are all part of Indian food culture and the nutritional value held together by them is so much that you cannot afford to ignore these vegetables at all.

Of course, there are countless non-vegetarian food lovers in the country but if you wish to introduce all types of vitamins, minerals, and anti-oxidants to your body then consuming these veggies is a must.

Indian Vegetable Names in English, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu & Kannada
Names of Indian Vegetables in English, Hindi, Tamil, Kannada and Telugu.
English Hindi Tamil Kannada Telugu
Agathi Agathi Agathi Soppu Avesi
Amaranth Leaves Amaranth Mulai Keerai Dhantina Soppu Thotakoora
Ash Gourd Ghiya Kalyana Pooshanikkai Bhele Kumbhalakayi Boodidha Gummidi Kayi
Basil Thulasi Thulasi Thulasi
Raw Banana Kaccha Kela Vazhakkai Bhale Kai Arati Kayi
Beet Root Beet root Beetroot Beetroot
Broad Beans Bakla, Sem Avarai Hurulee Kai Chikkudu Kayi
Cluster Beans Gwar-ki-Phalli Kothavarangai Ghori Kai Goruchikkudi Kayilu
Bitter Gourd Karela Pavakkai Hagara Kai Kakara Kayi
Bitterberry Asheta Sundakkai
Bottle Gourd Dodhi, Lauki Suraikkai
Brinjal Baingan Kathirikkai Bhadhanekai Vankaya
Cabbage Bandh Gobi Muttaikos Khosu Cabbage
Cauliflower Phool Gobi Cauliflower Cauliflower Cauliflower
Carrot Gajar Carrot Carrot Carrot
Capsicum / Bell Pepper Simla Mirch Kudamilagai Dhodda Menesima Kai Bengaluru Mirapakayi
Celery Oma Ilai Celery Vamaku
Chow Chow Seemai Kathirikai Seeme Bhadhare Kai Seema Vankaya
Citron (bitter) Khatta, Nimbu Narthangai
Colocasia Seppankilangu Kasavina Ghedde Chema Dhumpa
Coconut Nariyal Thengai Thengina Kai Kobbari Kayi
Dry Coconut Copra Kopparai
Tender Coconut Dab Elaneer
Colocasia Arbi Seppam Kizhangu
Cucumber Kheera, Kakadi Vellarikkai Sowthe Kai Dosakai
Drumstick Swanjan Murungakkai Nunge Kai Munakkayi
Elephant Yam (Yam) Suran, jamikand Senai Kizhangu Churna Gedde Sure Kandha
Fenugreek Leaves Methi Venthiya Keerai Menthina Soppu Menthi Koora
Gherkins Kundru, Tendil Kovakkai
Gogu Pulichai Keerai Hulee Soppu Gonkura
Gooseberry Amla Nellikkai
Lemon Yelumichampalam Nimbe Hannu Nimma Pandu
Lime Leaves Nimbu-ka-patha Narthella
Lotus Stem Kamal Kakri Thamara Thandu
Lotus Root Kamal-ki-jadh Thamara Kizhangu
Ladies Finger Bhindi Vendakkai Bendekai Bendakayulu
Mango (raw) Aam (kacha) Mangai
Mango (tender) Vadumangai
Mint Pudhina Pudhina Pudhina Pudinaku
Mushroom Dhingri Kaalan Naaye Kode Kukka Godugu
Mustard Greens Sarson-ka-sag Kadugu Ilai
Neem Flower Neem-ka-phool Vepampoo
Neem Leaves, Margosa Neem-ke-patte Veppilai
Onion Pyaaz Periya Vengayam Eerulli Yerra Gaddalu
Onion (small), Shallots Pyaaz Chinna Vengayam, Sambar Vengayam
Peas, Green Peas Mattar Pachai Pattani Bathare Batanalu
Plantain Stem Valai Thandu Bhale Thandu Arati Thavva, Bondha
Plantain Flower Valai Poo Bhale Hoova Arati Poovu
Potato Aloo Urilai Kizhangu Aalu Gedde Bangala Dhumpa
Pumpkin Poosanikkai Kumbala Kai Gummadi Kayi
Radish Mooli Mullangi Mullangi Mullangi
Ridge Gourd Tori Peerkangai Heere Kai Beerakayi
Snake Gourd Chachinda, Padual Pudalangai Paduvalakaayi Potlakayi
Soya Beans Soya Mochai Soya Beans Soya Beans
Spinach Palak Pasalai Keerai Bacchala Soppu Pachali Koora
Spring Onion Hara Pyaaz Vengaya Thal Eerullihu Vulli Kada
Sweet Potato Shakarkand Sakaravalli Kizhangu Genusena Gedde Silakkada Dumpa
Tapioca Saabudhaana Maravalli Kizhangu Maragenusu Karra Pendalamu
Tomato Tamatar Thakkalli Tomato Tamata
Turnip Turnip Turnip Turnip