Indian Vegetable Names in English, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu & Kannada

India has a legendary history when it comes to cultivating different kinds of vegetables. The diversity of climate and geography of India has only allowed the native people to grow different types of veggies in their fields.

What we see in the city markets is just a small fragment which is grown in Indian villages. Most of these veggies do not rich the city markets as people in cities mostly prefer to eat what they have been taught to eat from decades.

However, you will be surprised to see the sheer variety if you truly decide to explore the variety of beans, leafy and non-leafy vegetables grown in our country. The diversity in the languages increases this confusion even more as each state or region knows a particular vegetable by a unique name!

To simplify this confusion we have presented a chart which has the names of the most popular and preferred vegetables of India in the most used languages of the country. Only a few veggies such as basil are known by the same name (Tulsi) in most of the Indian languages.

For example, brinjal is known as Baingan in Hindi, Katthirikai in Tamil, Bhadanekai in Kannada, Vankaya in Telugu and Vanga in Marathi. Therefore, if you are visiting a local market out of your state and ask for a particular vegetable in your own language, then chances of stall owner laughing at you are very bright.

Different types of gourds, spinach, fenugreek, beans, etc. are all part of Indian food culture and the nutritional value held together by them is so much that you cannot afford to ignore these vegetables at all.

Of course, there are countless non-vegetarian food lovers in the country but if you wish to introduce all types of vitamins, minerals, and anti-oxidants to your body then consuming these veggies is a must.

Indian Vegetable Names in English, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu & Kannada
Names of Indian Vegetables in English, Hindi, Tamil, Kannada and Telugu.
EnglishHindiTamilKannadaTelugu
AgathiAgathiAgathi SoppuAvesi
Amaranth LeavesAmaranthMulai KeeraiDhantina SoppuThotakoora
Ash GourdGhiyaKalyana PooshanikkaiBhele KumbhalakayiBoodidha Gummidi Kayi
BasilThulasiThulasiThulasi
Raw BananaKaccha KelaVazhakkaiBhale KaiArati Kayi
Beet RootBeet rootBeetrootBeetroot
Broad BeansBakla, SemAvaraiHurulee KaiChikkudu Kayi
Cluster BeansGwar-ki-PhalliKothavarangaiGhori KaiGoruchikkudi Kayilu
Bitter GourdKarelaPavakkaiHagara KaiKakara Kayi
BitterberryAshetaSundakkai
Bottle GourdDodhi, LaukiSuraikkai
BrinjalBainganKathirikkaiBhadhanekaiVankaya
CabbageBandh GobiMuttaikosKhosuCabbage
CauliflowerPhool GobiCauliflowerCauliflowerCauliflower
CarrotGajarCarrotCarrotCarrot
Capsicum / Bell PepperSimla MirchKudamilagaiDhodda Menesima KaiBengaluru Mirapakayi
CeleryOma IlaiCeleryVamaku
Chow ChowSeemai KathirikaiSeeme Bhadhare KaiSeema Vankaya
Citron (bitter)Khatta, NimbuNarthangai
ColocasiaSeppankilanguKasavina GheddeChema Dhumpa
CoconutNariyalThengaiThengina KaiKobbari Kayi
Dry CoconutCopraKopparai
Tender CoconutDabElaneer
ColocasiaArbiSeppam Kizhangu
CucumberKheera, KakadiVellarikkaiSowthe KaiDosakai
DrumstickSwanjanMurungakkaiNunge KaiMunakkayi
Elephant Yam (Yam)Suran, jamikandSenai KizhanguChurna GeddeSure Kandha
Fenugreek LeavesMethiVenthiya KeeraiMenthina SoppuMenthi Koora
GherkinsKundru, TendilKovakkai
GoguPulichai KeeraiHulee SoppuGonkura
GooseberryAmlaNellikkai
LemonYelumichampalamNimbe HannuNimma Pandu
Lime LeavesNimbu-ka-pathaNarthella
Lotus StemKamal KakriThamara Thandu
Lotus RootKamal-ki-jadhThamara Kizhangu
Ladies FingerBhindiVendakkaiBendekaiBendakayulu
Mango (raw)Aam (kacha)Mangai
Mango (tender)Vadumangai
MintPudhinaPudhinaPudhinaPudinaku
MushroomDhingriKaalanNaaye KodeKukka Godugu
Mustard GreensSarson-ka-sagKadugu Ilai
Neem FlowerNeem-ka-phoolVepampoo
Neem Leaves, MargosaNeem-ke-patteVeppilai
OnionPyaazPeriya VengayamEerulliYerra Gaddalu
Onion (small), ShallotsPyaazChinna Vengayam, Sambar Vengayam
Peas, Green PeasMattarPachai PattaniBathareBatanalu
Plantain StemValai ThanduBhale ThanduArati Thavva, Bondha
Plantain FlowerValai PooBhale HoovaArati Poovu
PotatoAlooUrilai KizhanguAalu GeddeBangala Dhumpa
PumpkinPoosanikkaiKumbala KaiGummadi Kayi
RadishMooliMullangiMullangiMullangi
Ridge GourdToriPeerkangaiHeere KaiBeerakayi
Snake GourdChachinda, PadualPudalangaiPaduvalakaayiPotlakayi
Soya BeansSoya MochaiSoya BeansSoya Beans
SpinachPalakPasalai KeeraiBacchala SoppuPachali Koora
Spring OnionHara PyaazVengaya ThalEerullihuVulli Kada
Sweet PotatoShakarkandSakaravalli KizhanguGenusena GeddeSilakkada Dumpa
TapiocaSaabudhaanaMaravalli KizhanguMaragenusuKarra Pendalamu
TomatoTamatarThakkalliTomatoTamata
TurnipTurnipTurnipTurnip