Names of Indian Condiments and Spices in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Hindi and English

From thousands of years, spices have been an integral part of the Indian culture. They were being used for both medicinal and culinary purposes in ancient India. India flourished in the pre-British era mainly due to the export of silk and spices. The spices here were so aromatic that they attracted traders from all over the world.

It is no longer a hidden secret that the deliciousness of Indian cuisines comes from the spices that are blended in them. India is one of the largest exporters of spices and condiments even today as the humid climate proves to be perfect for its growth.

Most of the spices like turmeric, cardamom, etc. were previously grown only in India. However, the western countries soon realized the worth of these spices and started cultivating them in their gardens. Hing (Asafoetida), Elaichi (Cardamom), Lassan (Garlic), Adrak(Ginger), Khas-Khas (Poppy seeds) and Haldi (Turmeric) have been the key ingredients on Indian recipes from centuries.

Apart from these, various other spices such as Tej Patta (Bay Leaves), Dalchini (Cinnamon), Ajwain (Carom seeds), Lavang (Cloves), Jeera (Cumin seeds), Dhania (Coriander seeds), Methi (Fenugreek seeds), Amchoor (Mango Powder), Jaiphal (Nutmeg), etc. were known to the natives but they found prominence in the Mughal Era as the Mughal cooked delicious kebabs, biryanis, and other tempting dishes by adding them in their recipes.

Lal Mirch (Red Chilli), Hari Mirch (Green Chilli) and salt are mainly used for flavoring purposes and different variants of Red Chilli and Green Chilli can be found across the country. The tantalizing flavors, sharp yet magical fragrance and bright colors of the Indian spices have made them popular across the globe.

These spices can either be used in their whole or powdered form. The powdered form of all the spices is available in the market today but the process of combining different spices into a fine mixture called ‘garam masala’ has been carried out by Indian women since centuries. These spices also have great nutritional value and they assist in digestion, prevent acidity and strengthen our immunity as well.

Names of Indian Condiments and Spices in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Hindi and English.
Names of Indian Condiments and Spices in English, Hindi, Tamil, Kannada and Telugu.
EnglishHindiTamilKannadaTelugu
AniseedSaunfPerumjeerakamSaunfSopu
AsafoetidaHingPerungayamInguInguva
Arrow RootKoovak KilanguArrow RootPala Gadda
AlmondsBadamBadam ParuppuBadamiBadam Pappu
Bay LeavesTej PatthaBrinji IlaiMasala ElayMasala Aku
CardamomElaichiElakaiElakkaiYalakalu
CashewnutsMundhiriJodambeJeedi Pappu
CinnamonDalchiniPattaiLavanga PattaDalchina Chekka
ClovesLavangKrambuLavangaLavanga Mogga
Green ChilliesHari MirchPachai MilagaiPachi Mirapakaya
Dry Red ChilliesLal MirchSigappu MilagaiKempu Menasina KaiYendu Mirapakayalu
Cumin SeedsJeeraJeeragamJeerigeJilakara
Carum, TymolAjwainOmumOmamVamu
Coriander Leaves, CilantroHara DhaniaKothamalliKothambreKothamera Aku
Coriander SeedsDhaniaKothamliverai (Vara Kothamali)DhaniyaDaniyalu
Curry LeavesCurri PattaKariveppilaiKari BeevuKarivepaku
Fenugreek SeedsMethiVenthayamMenthiMenthulu
Fennel SeedsSaunfSombuDhodda JeerigePedha Jilakara
GarlicLassanUlli Poondu (Vellai Poondu)BellulleVellullipayalu
Fresh GingerAdrakInjiShuntiAllam
Dry GingerSaunthChukku (Sukku)Vonagidha ShuntiSonti
Groundnut, PeanutsVerkkadalaiKadale Kai BeejaVeru Senaga Pappu
JaggeryVellamBhellaBellamu
MustardPipalKaduguSaasuveAvalu
MaceJavithriJathipatriJapathriJapathri
Mango Powder (dry)AmchoorMangai PodiMavinakai PodiMavidi Podi
NutmegJaiphalJaathikkaiJaagi KaiUllithnam
Onion SeedsKalonjiVengaya VithaiEruli BeejaVulli Ginjalu / Ulli Vithanalu
Black Cumin SeedsKalajeeraKarun JeeragamKari JeeregeNalla Jilakara (Nalla Jeelakara)
Peppercorns, Black PepperKalimirchMilaguKappu MenasuMiriyalu
Poppy SeedsKhus-khusKhasa KhasaGasgaseGasalu
Roasted GramPottu Kadalai, PorikadalaiHuridha Kadale KaiVepina Senagalu
RaisinsUlarndha DhirakshaiVonagidhe DracshiEndu Draksha
Rice FlakesArisi AvalAvalakkiAtukulu
SaffronKesarKungumappuKumkumadha HoovaKumkumpoovu
Sugar CandyKalkanduSakkare AcchuKalakanda
Sesame SeedsTilElluElluNuvvulu
TamarindPuliHanuse HannuChintha Pandu
TurmericHaldiManjalHarshanandha PodiPasupu